Red sanders wood rsw referred to in china as zitan. Pterocarpus santalinus in talakona forest, ap w img 8099. Pterocarpus santalinus is a lightdemanding small tree, growing to 8 metres 26 ft tall with a trunk 50150 cm diameter. Red sandalwood is derived from the small tree pterocarpus santalinus and that the wood is not fragrant. Ethnomedicinal value of pterocarpus santalinus linn. Other articles where pterocarpus santalinus is discussed. The study of the chemical composition of pterocarpus santalinus provides a scientific basis for the development and utilization of the plant.
Pterocarpus santalinus only has a small natural range in southern india, and has been overexploited in the past for timber, dyestuff and medicines. Phytochemical analysis of the plant showed the presence of carbohydrates, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenolic compounds, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, and glycosides. Pterocarpus is a pantropical genus of trees in the family fabaceae. Pterocarpus santalinus red sanders an endemic, endangered tree of. Characterization of pterocarpus erinaceus kino extract and. Pterocarpus santalinus definition of pterocarpus santalinus. Plants profile for pterocarpus santalinus red sandalwood. Sandalwood is native to southern india and does not naturally grow in israel. It is an endangered and endemic tree that occurs in southern regions of eastern ghats ahmed and nayar 1984.
Information from its description page there is shown below. Pdf in vitro propagation of pterocarpus santalinus l. Find the perfect pterocarpus santalinus stock photo. Supply of smaller amount of this raw material is now obtained from cultivated sources. Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red sandalwood, and saunderswood, is a species of pterocarpus pterocarpus tree wood. Wood discrimination analyses of pterocarpus tinctorius and. Studies have been conducted to develop an in vitro propagation protocol for pterocarpus santalinus l. The plant is renowned for its characteristic timber of exquisite color, beauty, and superlative technical qualities. Therapeutic potential of pterocarpus santalinus l an update ncbi. This tree is valued for the rich red colour of its wood.
Recently there has been increasing interest in plants and plantderived compounds as raw food and medicinal agents. Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red sandalwood, and saunderswood, is a species of pterocarpus endemic to the southern eastern ghats mountain range of south india. One such plant is pterocarpus santalinus, which is widely used for the treatment of various ailments due to its extensive medicinal properties. Tree improvement and genetics division, institute of wood science and technology, bangalore, india. Species pterocarpus macrocarpus kurz burma padauk p. Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red sandalwood, rakt chandan, and saunderswood, is a species of pterocarpus endemic to the southern eastern ghats mountain range of south india.
It is widely distributed in the tropical regions of the world. Physiochemical parameters of pterocarpus santalinus l. The algum tree of the bible was from the pterocarpus santalinus known as red sandalwood, red saunders and red sanders. The tree is not to be confused with the aromatic santalum sandalwood trees that grow natively in south india. It grows in bushveld and woodland where the rainfall is above 500 mm per year, and it favours rocky slopes or welldrained, deep, sandy soil. The plant has significant importance in traditional medicine for its ethnomedicinal value. Facilitating establishment of advance regeneration of. Pterocarpus spp photographed at two different locations near mysore is attached here for discussion, since, they look different. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. A histological stain prepared from the heartwood of pterocarpus santalinus linn.
Pterocarpus santalinoides is a usually evergreen tree with a dense crown of more or less drooping branches. The population is still declining due to the illegal harvest of mature individuals to provide the much sought after timber, red sandalwood. Pterocarpus santalinus red sandalwood extract skin deep. To understand its ecological and geographic distribution, we used ecological niche modelling enm. Red sanders is an endemic and endangered species largely confined to the southern portion of the eastern ghats, andhra pradesh, india. Pterocarpus soyauxii, the african padauk or african coralwood, is a species of pterocarpus in the family fabaceae, native to central and tropical west africa, from nigeria east to congokinshasa and south to angola it is a tree growing to 2734 m tall, with a trunk diameter up to 1 m with flaky reddishgrey bark.
It does not yield an essential oil upon steam distillation and it is not used in perfumery creation. Newer applications of the histological stain prepared from. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 4. The algum is a deciduous tree between 3365 feet tall. Most species of pterocarpus yield valuable timber traded as padauk or padouk. Therapeutic potential of pterocarpus santalinus l an update. Review on utilization of bark of red sanders pterocarpus santalinus. The bulk raw material heartwood available in the market is supplied by andhra pradesh forest department.
Pterocarpus santalinus red sanders semantic scholar. Pterocarpus santalinus extract decreases mitf and tyrosinase gene expression in b16 melanoma cells. Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red sandalwood,rakt chandan, and saunderswood, is a species of pterocarpus endemic to the southern eastern ghats mountain range of south india. Pterocarpus santalinus synonyms, pterocarpus santalinus pronunciation, pterocarpus santalinus translation, english dictionary definition of pterocarpus santalinus.
Isolation and characterisation of pterocarpus santalinus. Many important bioactive phytocompounds have been extracted and identified from the heartwood of p. Pterocarpus indicus known by several common names, including amb stock images by ijacky 1 26 pterocarpus indicus known by several common names, including amb stock photography by ijacky 1 17 pterocarpus indicus known by several common names, including amb stock image by ijacky 1 38 pterocarpus indicus known by several common names, including amb stock photography by ijacky 1. This tree is valued for the rich red color of its wood. Pterocarpus santalinus tree of india and east indies yielding a hard fragrant timber. This study evaluated options for improving establishment of its advance regeneration in degraded forests. Pterocarpus angolensis grows in the warm, frostfree areas in the northeast of the country, extending into zimbabwe, northern botswana, mozambique and namibia and northwards into other parts of africa. It is endemic to india and considered globally endangered, with illegal harvest being a key threat. About pterocarpus santalinus red sandalwood extract. The plant is mainly used to cure the skin ailments, oral diseases, cough, pyrexia, diarrhoea, dysentery, hyper nervous activity.
This species may have been the source of the sandalwood used in king solomons temple. Pterocarpus santalinus wikimili, the best wikipedia reader. The powdered wood is used as a red colorant in food products. Ginklasipika han iucn an species komo nangangaratan. Pterocarpus indicus wikimili, the free encyclopedia. The red wood yields a natural dye santalin, which is used in coloring. No matter what youre looking for or where you are in the world, our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options. Population pterocarpus santalinus population is under pressure and in decline due to illegal felling and human pressure on red sanders forests. Pterocarpus santalinus tree of india and east indies yielding a hard fragrant timber prized for cabinetwork and dark red heartwood used as a. Fabaceae is one among the abovementioned species, commonly termed in the trade as red sanders, and locally considered as the pride of india and the state tree of andhra pradesh.
Pterocarpus santalinus, listed in cites appendix ii, is an endangered timber species as a result of illegal harvesting due to its high value and commercial demand. Global notice for sale of red sanders pterocarpus santalinus wood 1. As epicatechin and a dimer were observed in kast, epicatechin pubchem cid 72276 6. Awareness of medicinal plants usage is a result of. In ayurveda, an indian system of traditional medicine, a wide spectrum of medicinal properties of pterocarpus santalinus is described. The bole is usually short, it can be straight or more or less twisted, around 30 50cm in diameter. Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and oneofakind products and gifts related to your search. Newer applications of the histological stain prepared from pterocarpus santalinus. Cites is an international agreement between governments, aimed to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Department of agriculture agricultural research service.
Textured background wide buttress of pterocarpus dalbergioides andaman padauk, andaman redwood, or east indian mahogany in tropical forest. Pterocarpus santalinus in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. The red wood yields a natural dye santalin, which is used in coloring pharmaceutical. It belongs to the subfamily faboideae, and was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic pterocarpus clade within the dalbergieae. Methanolic extract of pterocarpus santalinus induces apoptosis in hela cells. Pterocarpus santalinus wood extract is an extract of the wood of the red sandalwood, pterocarpus santalinus. Pterocarpus santalinus in talakona forest, ap w img. Text is available under the creative commons attributionsharealike license. Pterocarpus santalinus in talakona forest, ap w img 8145. It is fastgrowing when young, reaching 5 metres 16 ft tall in three years, even on degraded soils.916 639 1020 999 1270 818 725 725 1407 188 991 488 150 491 1364 1051 1581 1194 1490 1453 609 1432 1457 1329 905 644 983 376 1286 920 365 773 1484 723 785 1092 875