Forest ecosystem services and the pillars of bhutans gross national happiness. On a visit to thimphu, the capital of bhutan, i found myself sitting across from a man named karma ura, spilling my guts. The birthplace of gross national happiness is growing a bit cynical. Gross national happiness and its impact within bhutan while the term was first coined nearly a half century before halperns the hidden wealth of nations was published, the ideation of gross national happiness gnh for driving growth and policy in bhutan is closely aligned with these newly popular concerns regarding holistic development. The first ever world happiness report has been published ahead of the uns high level meeting on happiness and wellbeing. The tiny kingdom of bhutan, tucked away in the himalayas between china and india, is known for its innovative gross national happiness index, a measurement tool used to incentivize policies that. Bhutan gnh index was designed to preserve the local buddhist values correa, 2017.
Dasho karma ura, president, the centre for bhutan studies and gnh. Gross national happiness in bhutan a living example of an alternative approach to progress pdf. Gnh is an attempt to develop an indicator that accounts for all values relevant to life on this planet. It is a measurement tool used for policy making to increase gnh. Bhutans principles have been set in policy through the gross national happiness index, based on equitable social development, cultural preservation, conservation of. Gross national happiness is instituted as the goal of the government of bhutan in the constitution of bhutan, enacted on 18 july 2008. Gross national happiness tourism council of bhutan.
This paper explores gross national happiness gnh as a framework for socioeconomic development in bhutan by elucidating gnh principles that affect the way bhutanese society and state interact. Method and illustrative results dasho karma ura, sabina alkire, tshoki zangmo the centre for bhutan studies, thimphu presented by sabina alkire, ophi, univ. Although bhutan has its own economic challenges, including one of the worlds highest debt to g. An analysis of bhutans gross national happiness semantic scholar. All content in this area was uploaded by alejandro adler on aug 17, 2015. The gnh index gnhi is that critical evaluation tool for resultsbased planning to ensure that development truly contributes to the achievement. Bhutans fierce commitment to preserving culture one of its four pillars of happiness may have worked, but critics say it has come at an enormous cost for. Is bhutan really the happiest country in the world. A recent united nations survey in 156 countries surprisingly ranked it 84th in the list of happy nations.
Tweet reddit flipboard email by barry petersen and t. Gnh is a philosophy that guides the government of bhutan. The gross national happiness index is a single number generated from 33 indicators, with four categories. The bhutanese concept of happiness is deeper than the common meaning of happiness in industrialized countries. The first bhutan gnh index was published in 2012, after the cmepsp report and appears as a customized version of the gross national wellbeing, also known as. The concept implies that sustainable development should take a holistic approach towards notions of progress and give equal importance to noneconomic aspects of wellbeing. Royal government of bhutan the multisectoral national action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 20152020 this document was granted approval during the 80th lhengye zhungtshog session held on 6th july. Case study on bhutan features in world happiness report ophi. Bhutan achieves a happy planet index score of and ranks of all the countries analysed. Bhutans 2015 gross national happiness index how are you. Bhutans gross national happiness index the tiny, remote himalayan kingdom of bhutan first invented the idea of using happiness as a measure of good governance an idea its superpower. Gross national happiness is a term coined by his majesty the fourth king of bhutan, jigme singye wangchuck in the 1970s.
The experience of gross national happiness as development. Forest ecosystem services and the pillars of bhutans. A living example of an alternative approach to progress abstract as a society we care about what we measure, we use what we measure, and what we measure drives policies and society in a particular direction. Economic development according to gross national happiness. Known as the kingdom of happiness, why is bhutan ranked.
What happens when a country strives for happiness at any. As one key example, the worlds economic superpower, the united states, has achieved striking economic and technological progress over the past half century without gains in the selfreported happiness of the citizenry. Gnh was established upon the legacy of bhutans government, which states the government is responsible for. Economists all over the world have argued that the key to happiness is obtaining andenjoying. Bhutan is known for measuring its happiness with the gross national happiness gnh index.
The birthplace of gross national happiness is growing a. Aspiring happiness for every child in bhutan a nation can only think of a bright future when she has invested wisely in her children bhutans unique development philosophy bhutan is a small, landlocked, mountainous and mystical country, best known for the globally commended. November 2015 bhutans 2015 gross national happiness index. The report has been conceived through a strong partnership between the two parties on a unique. Bhutans journey with gnh began more than four decades ago and more elaborate and precise metrics to measure gnh has been underway since 2008 with the gnh index gross national happiness commission 3. Bhutans 2015 gross national happiness index centre for bhutan. Gnh was in bhutan in 1972 by the fourth king of bhutan, jigme. Gross national happiness gnh can be regarded as the next stage in the evolution of economic indicators for sustainable development, going beyond merely measuring values that can be expressed in money. Gross national happiness and macroeconomic indicators in the. The gnh measure has been designed to fulfill the various criteria that are needed for an official national measure of happiness that is relevant to national and.
Institutions in bhutan use the gnh index and a series of instruments of policy to. Note on human rights signup to get more from nef and the happy planet index. Since the foundation of bhutan, spirituality and compassion have been integrated with governance. Gross national happiness index explained in detail the gnh. In the kingdom of bhutan, gross national happiness gnh has been used to measure the social development since 1972. It includes an index which is used to measure the collective happiness and wellbeing of a population. The experience of gross national happiness as development framework this paper explores gross national happiness gnh as a framework for socioeconomic development in bhutan by elucidating gnh principles that affect the way bhutanese society and state interact. Bhutan was the first country in the world to pursue happiness as a state policy. The major sectors that contribute to bhutans economy are tourism, agriculture, forestry and the sale of hydroelectric power. In bhutan, gross national happiness gnh is viewed as being by far more important than gross national product gnp. Human development since 1960 24 expanding opportunities 25.
While acknowledging that bhutan may score low on the scale of conventional indicators for a nations economic performance, he claimed that his country, secluded in the himalayas, would score high on an indicator measuring happiness. From that, analysts create a gnh profile for each person. Gross national happiness and macroeconomic indicators in. Gross national happiness gnh, and the gnh index and tool which has. The gross national happiness index is a single number index developed from the 33 indicators categorised under nine domains.
Happiness is a slippery state of beingby its very nature, it comes and goes. Moreover, this integration has occurred at both the personal and the institutional level. Bhutans human development index 18 expanding gross national happiness 18 the constituents of happiness 20 2. The 2015 gnh index on a purposebuilt survey of 7153 bhutanese in every dzongkhag of. The gnh index is a holistic approach to measure the happiness and wellbeing of the bhutanese population. Bhutans unique measurement bhutans prime minister, tshering tobgay, talks about tackling climate change, economic development and how to. Comparison of gnh to social progress index and policy effectiveness index. In bhutan, happiness index as gauge for social ills the.
The 2015 gnh index shows that on the scale of zero to one measurement, the happiness of our people has increased from 0. The philosophy of gross national happiness has several dimensions. Gross national happiness psychological wellbeing 11 community vitality 16 health 7 education 4 standard of living 8 cultural. During my final days in bhutan, i lodge at a homestay in the remote haa valley. Gross national development towards gross national wellbeing index an econometric solution for lebanons. Gross national happinessbased economic growth ash center.
The centre for bhutan studies constructed the gnh index using robust multidimensional methodology known as alkirefoster method. A compass towards a just and harmonious society 2 community, social cohesion and volunteerism. Gross national happiness also known by the acronym. According to the 2011 national health accounts, its gross domestic product gdp per capita was usd 2,121. The report features a detailed case study of bhutans landmark gross national happiness index including background to the concept of gnh, its grounding in bhutanese culture and history, and how the concept is being operationalized in the form of the gnh index in some. It dwells more on how bhutan is actually, in practice, doing by assessing policy intentions versus policy outcomes and declarations. What is bhutans gross national happiness index and how was it achieved. The centre for bhutan studies has published a short guide to gross national happiness index, available in pdf. The gnh survey and the gnh index are designed to guide actions to advance happiness all across bhutan. The gnh index is also known as the gnh happiness survey. The economy and happiness of bhutan, by fred foldvary, ph.503 1494 783 689 1464 532 1458 1108 1019 1500 1364 523 106 482 1223 1469 483 1513 186 178 975 1427 823 470 580 1125 772 345 122 738 1023 1291 450 236 1236 573 225 111